Measles outbreak during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico



Fortino Solórzano-Santos, Unidad de Investigación Medicina Basada en Evidencias, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México. México
Juan Garduño-Espinoza, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez y Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México
Onofre Muñoz-Hernández, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez y Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México


Measles is an exanthematous disease caused by a virus of the Morbillivirus genus. On February 23, 2020, the exanthema began in the first confirmed case of measles this year. At the same time, on February 28, 2020, the first case of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was confirmed. Up to June 6, 2020, 176 measles cases have been confirmed: 137 in Mexico City, 37 in the state of Mexico, and two in the state of Campeche. In Mexico City, municipalities with more cases were Gustavo A. Madero, Miguel Hidalgo, and Iztapalapa; in the State of Mexico were Ecatepec, Tlalnepantla, and Netzahualcoyotl; in Campeche, there are only two cases reported. On the other hand, 7,065,133 cases of COVID-19 have been registered worldwide with a global case fatality rate of 5.7%. In Mexico, there have been 113,619 confirmed cases and 13,511 deaths, while in Mexico City, there have been 30,223 cases and 3062 deaths. Iztapalapa and Gustavo A. Madero are the locations with more cases reported. Hence, a campaign of social distancing started as part of the strategies to control the spread of the infection. The potential threat is that as social confinement measures are relaxed and mobility is initiated, both viruses could continue to spread. It is expected that due to the time that has passed since the last reported measles case, control of this disease will be achieved.



Keywords: Measles. Coronavirus disease-19. Vaccination.