Risk conditions in healthcare workers of a pediatric coronavirus disease center in Mexico City



Horacio Márquez-González, Servicio de Investigación Clínica, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México
Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Subdirección de Gestión de la Investigación, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez; Ciudad de México, México; Research Committee, Latin American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (LASPGHAN)
Daniela de la Rosa-Zamboni, Jefatura de Departamento de Epidemiología Hospitalaria, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Secretaría de Salud, Ciudad de México, México
Fernando Ortega-Riosvelasco, Departament of Infectology, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico
Briceida López-Martínez, Subdirección de Servicios Auxiliares y Diagnóstico, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico
María G. Jean-Tron, Servicio de Investigación Clínica, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México
Gina del C. Chapa-Koloffon, Dirección de Investigación, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico
A. Viridiana Ávila-Hernández, Dirección de Investigación, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico
Juan Garduño-Espinosa, Dirección de Investigación, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez y Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México
Mónica Villa-Guillén, Dirección Médica, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico
Jaime Nieto-Zermeño, Dirección Médica, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México


Background: The new evere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is characterized by its high capacity to transmit. Health-care personnel is highly susceptible to becoming infected. This study aimed to determine the characteristics and known risk factors for contagion and severe outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 disease in health-care personnel of a pediatric coronavirus disease (COVID) center in Mexico City. Methods: In the last week of March 2020 (at the beginning of phase 2 of the Ministry of Health’s national campaign in Mexico), a study was conducted on healthcare workers of a pediatric COVID hospital in Mexico City. Using a virtual interview, we evaluated comorbidities, mobility, areas and functions where they carry out the activities, protection measures, contact history, and vaccination. According to their activities, healthcare workers were classified into the following areas: medical, nursing, other health-care personnel (researchers, nutritionists, rehabilitation, imaging, and laboratory), administrative, and other services. We compared the variables between the groups of healthcare workers with the X2 test. Results: We included 812 participants. The mean age was 41 ± 11 years, and 33% were overweight or obese, 18% were over 60 years old, and 19% had high blood pressure. Medical and nursing personnel presented a higher proportion in the use of standard protection measures. Conclusions: Among healthcare workers, there are risk conditions for the development of complications in case of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Most medical and nursing personnel use standard protective measures.



Keywords: Coronavirus disease-19. Healthcare workers. Pediatrics. Personal protective equipment. Mexico.